• Mediation: Graduate CEFOC (University of Geneva 2002) and agreed to the MHCC (2005),
  • Bar: Admitted to the Bar of the Republic and Canton of Geneva (1969)
  • University: Comprehensive review of public international law and humanitarian law (1972) And law degree from the         University of Geneva (1966)
  • Secondary Maturity classical Latin and Greek (Calvin College, Geneva, 1962)
-    Military: First Lieutenant of artillery captain with the Military Justice